An introduction to the basic concepts and tenets of political science focusing on politics, governance and government. The course also tackles the 1897 Philippine Constitution-the fundamental law of the republic. The course is focused on providing the interpretations on the constitution specifically. The executive branch, the Legislative Branch, the Judicial Branch and Bill of Rights. This is a three unit course in the Philippine education system mandated by the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) for the tertiary level.

This course is an introduction to logic and to critical thinking. The course covers the distinction between logic and rhetoric, the distinction between deductive and inductive arguments, the analysis of ambiguities and the nature of common fallacies in reasoning. Basic topics include the symbolization and evaluation of deductive arguments using truth tables and the construction of proofs to assess validity. 

Purpose of the Course

The general goal is to  to become familiar and competent with basic techniques of formal logic and to acquire skill in using these and related formal techniques to assess reasoning in a wide variety of applications. The approach is two-sided: (1) the analysis and classification of fallacies and (2) the analysis and construction of valid arguments

Objectives of the Course

The general aims of this course are:

  1. to gain an appreciation for the complexity of language,
  2. to learn effective methods of resolution for a variety of disagreements,
  3. to obtain the ability to define terms,
  4. to understand the structure of different kinds of arguments,
  5. to recognize and evaluate the different kinds of arguments,
  6. to grasp the features of traditional logic,
  7. to sketch the principles of symbolic logic,
  8. to develop the ability to think critically, and
  9. to realize that the proper use of logic is a reasonable way to solve problems.

Expected Skills Achieved

Upon completion of this course, all students should be able to

  1. explain the difference between an argument and a disagreement,
  2. identify premises and conclusions in complex arguments,
  3. explain the difference between deduction and induction,
  4. analyze the interrelation between arguments and explanations,
  5. understand the differences among truth, validity, and soundness,
  6. identify the differences between factual significance and emotive significance,
  7. list major uses of language,
  8. identify and explain the common fallacies which occur in everyday discourse,
  9. diagram and evaluate complex arguments.

In this course you will learn the difference between an argument and an explanation, the difference between deduction and induction, and the differences among truth, validity, and soundness in argumentation. You will learn effective methods of analysis and criticism in the evaluation of argumentative discourse.

General Education Competency

  • Primary: Acquire critical thinking skills. 
  • Secondary: Acquire skill in communicating clearly. 

Evaluation: By quizzes, tests, and homework exercises.